4 Types of Insurance Policies and Coverage You Need

Don't let unexpected events leave you financially vulnerable. Learn about the four types of insurance policies that can provide you with the coverage you need.

Have you ever wondered if you have the right insurance coverage? Insurance policies can be complex and overwhelming, but they are essential in protecting you and your assets from unforeseen circumstances. With so many types of insurance policies available, how do you know which ones you need?

Insurance is a crucial part of financial planning, but many people often overlook it. It’s important to understand the different types of policies available and what they cover to ensure you have the right protection for your needs. Choosing the wrong policy or inadequate coverage can leave you vulnerable to financial loss.

To help you navigate the world of insurance, we’ve compiled a list of the four types of insurance policies and coverage you need. Whether you’re a homeowner, driver, or business owner, understanding these policies can help you make informed decisions and protect yourself from potential risks.


Insurance is a contract (policy) in which an insurer indemnifies another against losses from specific contingencies or perils.

4 Types Of Insurance Everyone Needs

1. Life Insurance

Life insurance is a critical part of financial planning, but understanding the different types of policies and coverage options can be overwhelming. The two primary types of life insurance are traditional whole life and term life.

Whole-life policies offer a death benefit and a cash value component that grows over time. This type of policy can be used as both an income tool and an insurance instrument. As the value of the policy grows, you can access the money by taking a loan or withdrawing funds. You can also end the policy by taking the cash value of the policy.

Term life policies, on the other hand, provide coverage for a set amount of time, typically 10, 20, or 30 years, and offer stable premiums. This type of policy is usually the most affordable and can work well to cover specific needs, such as the years during which a mortgage loan is outstanding or your children’s college years.

If your family is dependent on your income, life insurance is especially important. Industry experts recommend a policy that pays out 10 times your yearly income when estimating the amount of life insurance you need. However, when determining your coverage needs, you should also factor in funeral expenses and your family’s daily living expenses, such as mortgage payments, outstanding loans, credit card debt, taxes, child care, and future college costs.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 50% of U.S. households rely on dual incomes, and a quarter of families would experience financial hardship within one month of a wage earner’s death. This highlights the critical need for adequate life insurance coverage.

2. Health Insurance

Health insurance is a crucial aspect of financial planning for anyone, regardless of income level. There are several ways to obtain health insurance coverage. You can get it through your employer, purchase it from health insurance companies or agents, or sign up for a policy through the federal health insurance marketplace.

According to the National Center for Health Statistics, only about 9.2% of the American population was without insurance coverage in 2021.

Over 60% of people obtained their coverage through an employer or the private insurance marketplace, while the rest relied on government-subsidized programs like Medicare, Medicaid, veterans’ benefits, or the federal marketplace established under the Affordable Care Act.

If you are on a tight budget, it’s still advisable to get a minimal health insurance policy. If your income is low, you may be eligible for Medicaid, which provides free or low-cost health insurance to over 80 million Americans. And if your income is moderate but insufficient for coverage, you may be eligible for subsidized coverage under the Affordable Care Act.

The most affordable option for salaried employees is usually participating in their employer’s insurance program if offered. In 2021, the average annual premium cost for a single coverage plan was $7,739, while a family plan cost an average of $22,221, according to research by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

3. Long-Term Disability Coverage

Long-term disability insurance is a critical component of a comprehensive financial plan. It supports those who become unable to work, and according to the Social Security Administration, one in four workers entering the workforce will become disabled before they reach the age of retirement.

While health insurance pays for hospitalization and medical bills, it does not cover the expenses that your paycheck would have previously covered. Many employers offer both short- and long-term disability insurance as part of their benefits package, which is the best option for securing affordable disability coverage.

However, if your employer does not offer long-term coverage, there are a few things to consider before purchasing insurance on your own:

  • First, a policy that guarantees income replacement is optimal, and many policies pay 40% to 70% of your income.
  • The cost of disability insurance varies and is based on many factors, including age, lifestyle, and health. On average, the cost ranges from 1% to 3% of your annual salary.
  • Before purchasing a policy, it is important to read the fine print. Many plans require a three-month waiting period before the coverage kicks in, provide a maximum of three years’ worth of coverage, and have significant policy exclusions. Therefore, it is essential to carefully review the terms and conditions of any policy you are considering.

Long-term disability coverage is crucial for protecting your financial well-being if you become unable to work. If your employer does not offer coverage, it is important to carefully evaluate your options and choose a policy that meets your needs.

4. Auto Insurance

Auto insurance is a contract between you and the insurance company that protects you against financial loss in the event of an accident or theft.

Despite years of improvements in auto safety, an estimated 31,720 people died in traffic accidents on U.S. roads and highways in the first nine months of 2021, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Almost all states require drivers to have auto insurance and the few that don’t still hold drivers financially responsible for any damage or injuries they cause.

Liability coverage: Liability coverage pays for property damage and injuries you cause to others if you’re at fault for an accident and also covers litigation costs and judgments or settlements if you’re sued because of a car accident.

Comprehensive and collision coverage: Comprehensive and collision coverage is mandatory when you finance or lease a car. Collision insurance pays to repair or replace your car after an accident, regardless of fault. Comprehensive insurance covers theft and damage to your car due to floods, hail, fire, vandalism, falling objects, and animal strikes.

Uninsured/underinsured motorist (UM) coverage: Uninsured/underinsured motorist (UM) coverage pays for you and your passenger’s medical expenses and may also account for lost income or compensate for pain and suffering if an uninsured or underinsured driver strikes your vehicle.

Personal injury protection (PIP): Personal injury protection (PIP) insurance helps reimburse you and your passengers for costs such as rehabilitation and lost wages.

Medical payment coverage: MedPay coverage helps pay for medical expenses, typically between $1,000 and $5,000, for you and your passengers if you’re injured in an accident.

Your circumstances will determine the cost of your auto insurance. Compare several rate quotes and the coverage provided, and check periodically to see if you qualify for a lower rate based on your age, driving record, or the area where you live.

Safeguarding with Insurance

Insurance is a crucial component of safeguarding yourself and your belongings. According to experts, life, health, long-term disability, and auto insurance are the four types of insurance that everyone should have.

If you can get employer coverage, that’s often the best choice, but if not, it’s essential to get quotes from multiple providers as many of them offer discounts if you purchase multiple types of coverage.

How Long Do Recessions Last?

The NBER tracks the average length of U.S. recessions. According to NBER data, from 1945 to 2009, the average recession lasted 11 months. This is an improvement over earlier eras: From 1854 to 1919, the average recession lasted 21.6 months.

Over the past 30 years, the U.S. has gone through four recessions. The Covid-19 Recession, which began in February 2020, lasted only two months, making it the shortest U.S. recession in history.

Tumisang Bogwasi
Tumisang Bogwasi

2X Award-Winning Entrepreneur | Empowering Brands to Generate Leads, Grow Revenue with Business Strategy and Digital Marketing | Founder, CEO of Fine Group

Articles: 233